Jangchungdan Park, located on Mt. Namsan, is a park where a shrine and tablet once stood that honored those who died trying to protect Empress Myeongseong. Many soldiers died trying to protect Empress Myeongseong from the Japanese.
Today visitors to the park can find multiple statues and memorials including one for the 1919 Independence Movement of Korea.
On August 20th, 1895, Japanese soldiers attacked Gyeongbokgung Palace. The empress was killed during the attack inside Geoncheonggung Residence. Korean soldiers such as Palace Minister Yi Gyeongjik and Head Royal Guard Hong Gyehun gave up their life attempting to hold back the intruders and to protect the empress.
In honor of these brave soldiers, Emperor Gojong ordered a shrine to be built at this location in November 1900. The shrine and stone tablet were removed by the Japanese during their occupation.
The shrine was restored after Korea gained independence in 1945.
In 1920, cherry blossom trees were planted in the area. The former location of the shrine and stone tablet was then converted into Jangchungdan Park, the 374th park of Korea.