Seoul Baekje Museum

Seoul Baekje Museum in Seoul
Seoul Baekje Museum in Seoul

Seoul Baekje Museum preserves the history and culture of the Baekje kingdom which established the capital of Hanseong which later would become Seoul. The history of Seoul dates back thousands of years when the Baekje kingdom flourished on the banks of the Hangang River. Artifacts and displays in the museum focus on prehistoric times and on the 500 year history of the Baekje from 18 B.C. to 475 A.D. The museum is located at Olympic Park.

Exhibition Hall 1, located on Floor B1F, focuses on the Prehistory of Seoul during the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Bronze, and Iron Ages. Artifacts in this hall include hand axes, pottery, and bottom round jars.

These artifacts date back to prehistoric times long before the city of Seoul was established.

In 18 BC, the Baekje kingdom was established on the banks of the Han River. The kingdom, which was part of a larger group of states known the Mahan confederacy, was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. The other two kingdoms were Goguryeo and Silla.

Inside the Seoul Baekje Museum
Inside the museum
Walking through one of the exhibition halls at Seoul Baekje Museum
Walking through one of the exhibition halls
Gilt bronze cap from 5th century, Seoul Baekje Museum
Gilt bronze cap from 5th century

Exhibition Hall 2, located on Floor 1F, is titled Hanseong, the Capital of Baekje. It displays artifacts that focus on the foundation and growth of the Baekje kingdom over its 500 year history, how people of the kingdom lived day to day, and how foreign relations with other countries were handled.

Artifacts include a gilt bronze cap and shoes, tripod cauldron with a handle, and a seven branched sword known as a chiljido. Other interesting pieces include replicas of Pungnaptoseong Fortress, Mongchontoseong Fortress, and a wooden ship which represents the maritime power, prosperity, and spirit of the Baekje kingdom at the time.

Replica of Pungnaptoseong, a flat earthen wall
Replica of Pungnaptoseong, a flat earthen wall

The replica of the Pungnaptoseong earthen fortress is found in the lobby of the entrance of the museum. This cross section of the wall is 43 meters wide (141 feet) and 9 to 11 meters (29 to 36 feet) high.

Upper and lower jawbone of Paleolithic age bear
Upper and lower jawbone of Paleolithic age bear
Neolithic Age pottery bowls
Neolithic Age pottery bowls
Baekje wooden boat replica
Baekje wooden boat replica

Exhibition Hall 3, located on Floor 1F, is titled Rivalry of Three Kingdoms. It tells the story and displays artifacts from the period when Baekje, Goguryeo, and Silla battled one another for control of the Hangang River.

The exhibit also tells the story of Goguryeo and Silla during their reign over the Hangang River. At this time, Baekje and Hanseong fell to military threat and relocated to Ungjin and Sabi. Artifacts found in this hall include lotus pattern roof titles, long neck jars, and a wooden pensive Bodhisattva.

Other than exhibition halls, visitors to the museum will find a library, with various domestic and international books and journals, and an education room on Floor B2F. A 4D theater with state of the art technology can be found on Floor 1F. Floor 2F features a cafeteria and and outdoor open air exhibition and viewing area.

Seoul Baekje Museum Hours

Monday-Friday : 9:00-21:00
Saturday-Sunday : 9:00-19:00
Holidays: 09:00-19:00

Closed on Mondays and January 1



Additional Resources


Save money while exploring Seoul with Rakuten's cashback program. By booking hotels through Rakuten, visitors can earn cashback rewards and enjoy significant savings. Exclusive partnerships and deals make stays in Seoul more affordable, freeing up funds for attractions, dining, and other experiences. I use Rakuten for cashback on all of my hotel stays in Seoul.

If you sign up using the link below, you will get $30 cashback after your first purchase.

Learn more about Rakuten


Klook is a reliable online platform offering discounted tickets and reservations for attractions and services in Seoul. It covers theme parks, museums, transportation, WiFi, tours, and more. Travelers can save time and money by booking through Klook's user-friendly interface, with secure transactions and helpful customer support.

If you sign up using the link below, you will get $5 off your first order.

Learn more about Klook

Last Updated on Oct 21, 2023