Stunning views of Seoul can be seen from Naksan Park, set high above Daehangno on Mt. Naksan. A portion of the old fortress wall runs through the park. Naksan Park is sometimes called Nakta Park. The name of the park is a reference to its hump like appearance as “nakta” is the Korean word for camel. “San” means mountain.
Naksan, though only 100 meters (328 feet) in elevation, was designated a guardian mountain of the city during the Joseon Dynasty. Other guardian mountains were Bugaksan, Namsan, and Inwangsan.
Despite its modest scale, with a height of just over 100 meters, Naksan was one of the four guardian mountains, along with Bugaksan, Namsan, Inwangsan, of the capital of the Joseon Dynasty.
Yangban, members of the royal family, would visit this area often as they enjoyed the beauty and nature of the granite mountain, the wonderful views below, and the sunsets.
The Seoul Fortress Wall (Seoul Seonggwak) was also built during the Joseon Dynasty for protection against invaders and enemies. The wall now passes through the park as it stretches for 2 kilometers (1.24 miles) from Hyehwamun Gate (Honghwamun Gate) to Heunginjimun Gate (Dongdaemun Gate). The hike downhill towards Hyehwamun is well know by photographers and hikers for the views.
During the Japanese occupation of Korea, much of the land was built upon leading to the demolition of the natural beauty of the area.
In order to preserve the green spaces and natural beauty of the land and granite mountain, the area was designated a park on June 10, 2002.
Today, Naksan Park features multiple facilities including an exhibition hall, a pavilion, a center for seniors, basketball courts, badminton courts, and many squares that offer wonderful views of the area below.
Reaching the park requires a moderate hike uphill from Hyehwa Station in Daehangno for about 450 meters.