Gwolnaegaksa was the location of a collection of government offices. These offices handled royal family and political affairs. Other buildings included a library, pharmacy, regal decrees office, and royal counsel committee bureau. The area here resembled a labyrinth since so many buildings were located in such a small area.
Main pavilions here include Gyujanggak, Geomseocheong, Hongmungwan, Naeuiwon, and Yemungwan.
During the Japanese occupation in the early 20th century, all the buildings here were destroyed.
In 2005, Gwolnaegaksa was rebuilt to its original design.