Janganmun Gate, meaning “capital city” and “welfare of the city”, is the northern and main gate Of Hwaseong Fortress. It is also known as Bungmun.
Construction began on February 28, 1794. It was completed later that year on September 5, 1794.
The tower, one of the biggest in Korea, is larger in scale than Sungnyemun Gate (Namdaemun Gate) in Seoul. It features a hipped roof and is very imposing.
The semicircle shaped wall that surrounds the structure is known as an ongseong. An ongseong is a defensive outwork that means “jar fortress.”